How Dangerous Is Vaping? E-Cigarette Users ‘Should Worry’ About Lung Illnesses, Says Expert

How Dangerous Is Vaping? E-Cigarette Users ‘Should Worry’ About Lung Illnesses, Says Expert


Image zoom  With medical authorities investigating 450 reported cases of severe lung illnesses — and at least five deaths — linked to vaping, the safety of e-cigarettes is in question among the 10
8 million adult and 3.6 million teen users nationwide.  Former e-cigarette users and their families have shared harrowing stories of severe respiratory problems — one Utah teen said she will “never touch a vape again” after she nearly died of respiratory illness, while another teen was put in medically induced coma as doctors try to figure out how to help
As of Friday, there are now five reported deaths in Illinois, Oregon, Indiana, Minnesota and California
 As the Centers for Disease Control examine the U.S. cases, is it still safe to use e-cigarettes? Dr
S. Christy Sadreameli, assistant professor of Pediatrics in Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine at Johns Hopkins and a volunteer spokesperson for the American Lung Association, tells PEOPLE that e-cigarette users should stop, if they can
 “I would tell anyone who is vaping right now that they should worry about this, and they should monitor their symptoms,” Sadreameli says
“If they’re able to not vape, that’s what I would recommend, and anyone who has not vaped yet should not start
”  It’s unclear at this point. Sadreameli says neither doctors nor the CDC know how to define the illness, but with the number of reported cases increasing each week, they are extremely concerned
 “It’s an acute lung illness, and people seem like they have an infection, but no infection has been found,” she says
“It’s probably not an infection, but they think they have an infection and may have shortness of breath, a fever, some cases even have GI symptoms — it’s unclear what each case has had, because the CDC is currently investigating
”  Sadreameli says that she and her colleagues have been concerned about e-cigarettes “for a long time now,” and have warned about the products since they came onto the market about ten years ago
While e-cigarettes have fewer toxins than traditional cigarettes, they still deliver harmful particles and chemicals directly into the lungs
 “There’s a lot in the aerosol emitted by a vaping device or an e-cigarette that is known to be toxic to the lungs,” says Sadreameli
“That includes things like ultra-fine particles, which are generated by the aerosol or the vaper
So the liquid gets vaporized and there can also be heavy metals in there — the ultra-fine particles themselves quickly penetrate into the lungs and hit the bloodstream
”  Those particles are “very inflammatory” to the cardiovascular system and the lungs, she says, and have been associated with heart disease
Plus, Sadreameli adds, there are chemicals in e-cigarettes that are known to cause permanent lung damage
 The flavored packs that are popular with Juul users and come in flavors like mango, watermelon and strawberry lemonade can also “generate harmful chemicals that can hurt the lungs,” she says
 While most people are aware that secondhand smoke from traditional cigarettes can be just as harmful as smoking, vape smoke disappears so quickly that it seems less dangerous
But people should be just as wary, Sadreameli says.  “The secondhand impact of the aerosol in e-cigarettes is known to contain all of the same chemicals — the heavy metals, the ultra-fine particles
So we do think it could be harmful to other people,” she says. “There’s a concern that because the smoke is often flavored and dissipates quickly, people are not as aware as they would be with traditional cigarettes
People might think that because the smell is not as strong that it might be safer, and we don’t know that it is
”  Thankfully, almost all states have banned vaping in enclosed public spaces.  E-cigarette companies market their product as the safer, environmentally-friendly alternative to traditional cigarettes, because they do not have tar or carcinogens
But e-cigarettes still contain highly addictive nicotine and many toxins.  “We can’t say that they’re actually safer,” Sadreameli says
“They have not undergone that kind of review by the FDA. They can be very harmful
It’s premature to say if it’s better than the other. E-cigarettes have been on the market for just ten years, which is not very long
None of these products are tested and approved by the FDA — these products came on the market and it was a bit of a wild west
Things like Juuls have not undergone strict FDA testing, and we want them to do that
Anyone should be concerned. Even if you’re buying it from a well-known shop or brand
”  The jump in cases of severe lung illness related to vaping seem sudden, and Sadreameli says she can only speculate why they’re all happening now
 “It could be that there’s a certain product that’s causing these symptoms. But what I think is more likely is that there were cases before of unexplained illnesses, and until now, with all of this talk and awareness, people are identifying that it could be related to vaping,” she says
Doctors are learning to ask if their patients are vaping and are reporting more cases to state and federal health officials
 For people who want to quit, as Sadreameli recommends, the process is the same as quitting traditional cigarettes
 “An individualized approach may be needed, so people should talk to their health care providers or any kind of doctor,” she says
“We do recommend that people check with their physician before trying an FDA approved cessation method
Some people use a nicotine patch or lozenge, there are also other medications. There are also Quit Lines in every state for help and support, whether they are smoking or vaping, because the addiction itself is both related to nicotine
”  “These are all approved for adults, so for teens I would say to definitely talk to a doctor about an individualized approach and not to try something on their own,” she adds

2 thoughts on “How Dangerous Is Vaping? E-Cigarette Users ‘Should Worry’ About Lung Illnesses, Says Expert

  • Facts:
    – nicotine vaping is not the cause of any "lung illness" because if it were the case, then this illness would not be observed only in the US, but the millions of people vaping worldwide would e affected
    – this "mysterious" lung illness, is caused by people buying illegal THC cartridges to get high
    – vaping was created by smokers to provide a less harmful alternative to those not able to stop combustible cigarettes, and this technology has been proven to be twice as effective as traditional nicotine replacement therapies such as gums, or patches
    – in the EU, nicotine vaping is still promoted as a safe alternative to combustible cigarettes –> the EU has had strict regulations on e-cigarettes since 2016, the TPD
    – there are less particles in the aerosol a person gets from an e-cigarettes, than what people get when breathing in a car, and sometimes in their own houses
    – there is no "second hand vape" –> early on in the development of vaping, studies were conducted in closed vape shops, and there was no alarming levels of toxic chemicals in the air
    – in the UK e-cigarettes are sold in hospitals, so as to promote them
    – governments in the EU have had to come out and publicly state that vaping nicotine does not cause the lung illness seen in the US, and that smokers who have quit thanks to vaping, should continue to do so and not be afraid –> that's because in the EU countries actually want their citizens to be healthy, and also believe in harm reduction & regulations
    – there are many addictive products with toxins in them: coffee, junk food, alcohol…
    – in 2016, all eliquids manufacturers had to give a list of all the ingredients they put in their products –> the FDA knows exactly what is in them
    – the FDA has just approved a products called the Iqos, made by Big Tobacco, which is a cigarette that you "heat" –> the filter turns just as brown as the one of a regular combustible cigarette, yet this is approved?
    – again the recent lung illness exists only in the US –> the is no speculation, it is illegal THC cartridges the culprit

  • What people is vaping is the real issue… If I buy from an ILLEGAL BLACK MARKET a bottle of alcohol that is mixed with rat poison and I get sick, should I blame the alcohol industry for it? No!!!, It's the same with vaping, vaping didn't cause any of this, it's what they are vaping the real issue here: ILLEGAL BLACK MARKET PRODUCTS, so their answer is banning products legally made on laboratories that follow safety and hygiene procedures instead on focusing on this ILLEGAL BLACK MARKET PRODUCTS that are made on a garage or bathtub with no concern for the public health with toxic ingredients… But who cares, better grab a cigarette to keep that MSA money flowing…

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